All the different forms of food a flax seed can provide
Different forms of flax
Whole and Milled Flaxseed
Both whole and milled flax seed are rich in dietary fibre, lignans, protein, antioxidants and ALA. Careful chewing will break the seed coat of whole flaxseed to allow the release of nutrients contained within, whereas milled flaxseed is already pre-ground. It is a personal choice whether to use whole or milled flaxseed.
Flaxseed oil results from pressing the oil from the seed. Flaxseed oil provides more ALA on a per weight basis in comparison to whole or milled seed.
Flax kernels are produced by removing various amounts of the outer hull (seed coat). The result is a product higher in omega 3 ALA and protein.
Flax Hull Lignans
Flax seed lignans are found mainly in the flax hull fraction which also contains a healthy amount of both insoluble fibre and soluble fibre.
Flax meal is a premium substitute for traditional milled or ground flaxseed ingredients. The nutritional benefits of this product are similar to traditional flaxseed products however it contains less oil and thus ALA because it is produced as a by-product of oil extraction.
Flax proteins are used in sports and nutritional supplements. The product contains various levels of protein and low levels of hull (therefore less lignans and fibre) and oil (thus lower levels of ALA).